Basic rules of the roads and driving requirements.
 
 

GENERAL TIPS AND ROAD INFORMATION

Traffic drives on the right and passes on the left side of the road. Roads in Taiwan's major cities are generally congested and scooters and motorcycles weaving in and out of traffic make driving conditions hazardous.

ROADS AND MOTORWAYS

Exercise caution when driving on mountain roads which are typically narrow, winding, without side walks and often impassable after heavy rains.
Nevertheless, the numbered highway system is very good in Taiwan. Most traffic signs are in international symbols, although many signs show names of places and streets in Chinese only.
Highways in Taiwan are classified into four types:
1. National highways: 1 - 10 
2. Provincial highways: 1 - 28, 61 - 88 
3. County routes: 101 - 205 
4. Township routes 
As a general rule, odd numbers represent north-south highways and even numbers represent east-west and numbers increase moving west to east and north to south. Major north-south provincial highways are indicated by a one-digit number and its cross streets carry the same number letters in alphabetical order.

SPEED LIMITS

Unless otherwise indicated, speed limits are:
- 15 km/h when approaching a railroad crossing
- 40 km/h on roads without lanes or slow lanes separated by single solid white lines
- 50 km/h on other roads and lanes
-Freeways - 100 km/h - limited segments - 90, 80, or 70 km/h
-National Highway No. 3 - 110 km/h, the highest speed limit in Taiwan.
-Truck with a gross weight of 20 tons or more - 90 km/h
-Approaches to toll stations and work areas - 60 km/h.

TOLLS

Toll stations with weigh stations are located every thirty to forty kilometers on the No. 1 and No. 3 National Freeways of the Republic of China. There are usually no free-way exits after the sign appears therefore drivers should familiarize themselves with the locations in advance. Toll booth operators only collect prepaid tickets in the left lanes of the station; cash and tickets are collected in the right. Cars pay a $40 toll per station on the highway and repaid tickets may be purchased at most convenience stores.

DRIVING REQUIREMENTS

1-International Driver’s License (IDL)
2-Taiwan Driver’s License
3-A national driver’s license may be used only with an Alien Resident Certificate (ARC) if your country has a reciprocal agreement with Taiwan.
Foreigners holding a valid national license issued reciprocating countries may drive for thirty days. The maximum period of validity for International Driver’s License (IDL)is one year. The expiry date of the driving permit depends on the expiry date of the original international driver’s license and ARC, whichever expires first.

DOCUMENTATION

Valid International Driver’s License (IDL) and passport or Alien Residence Certificate (A.R.C) card are required.

INSURANCE

Third party liability insurance is mandatory.

SEAT BELTS

Drivers and passengers in the front must fasten seatbelts.

MOTORCYCLES

You may ride a 50cc scooter If you hold a Taiwanese automobile driver's license or an International Driving Permit. A motorcycle license is necessary for larger equipment up to 150cc. A crash helmet is mandatory when riding a motorbike.

USEFUL TELEPHONE NUMBERS

Fire 119
Police 110


SOURCES
Taiwan AlloExpat
Taipei Motor Vehicles Supervision Office
Motor Vehicle Office Taipei City Government
Taiwan Ministry of Transportation and Communications
Wikipedia
Answers.com
Taiwan Area National FreeWay Bureau
Taiwan Directorate General of Highways

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